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Voodoo Religion

Vodou (or Voodoo) is a monotheistic religion that is often misunderstood. Common in Haiti and New Orleans, Vodou merges Catholic and African beliefs to form a unique set of rituals that include Voodoo dolls and symbolic drawings . However, as with any religion, followers of Vodou cannot be lumped into a single category. There are also many. The voodoo religion today is influenced by its cultural context and influences its cultural context. As stated above, in West Africa practitioners of voodoo experience a heavily syncretized version of the religion with Christianity.Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. The vodun are the center of religious life. Perceived similarities with Roman Catholic doctrines such as the intercession of saints and angels allowed Vodun to appear compatible with Catholicism, and helped produce syncretic religions such as Haitian Vodou. Adherents also emphasize ancestor worship and hold that the spirits of the dead live side by side with the world of the living, each family of spirits having its own female priesthood, sometimes hereditary when it's from mother to blood daughter.

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Louisiana voodoo has experienced syncretism with Christianity and it has also experienced the effects of American consumer culture. Tourists to the New Orleans area in particular show interest in the religion by buying voodoo paraphernalia for fun or decoration as opposed to sacred use. Voodoo comes from a combination of traditional West African practices of ancestor worship and animism, which is the belief that spirits inhabit all things, including animals and plants, combined. Voodoo has since spread to other African nations, the Caribbean, as well as North and South America. In Benin and Haiti, Voodoo is now officially recognised as a religion. Nevertheless, Voodoo is still a rather misunderstood religion due to its inaccurate portrayal by the media. Instead of associating this religion with zombies and Voodoo dolls, we should perhaps take the time to better understand Voodoo, and view it as a way of life or a set of guiding principles held by its believers.

Vodou Definition & Facts Britannic

Sunday recently earned a PhD in Anthropology and has taught college courses in Anthropology, English, and high school ACT/SAT Prep.Voodoo rituals include both public events for the community of believers and private practices done between the priest or priestess and the person or persons requesting the ritual for personal matters. Spirit possession often occurs as part of a public ritual called a Fete for the Lwa, which loosely translates to Party for a Spirit. Calling the spirit usually involves drumming, chanting, and singing. Voodoo is a religion that originates in Africa. In the Americas and the Caribbean, it is thought to be a combination of various African, Catholic and Native American traditions. It is practiced around the world but there is no accurate count of how many people are Voodooists. Voodoo has no scripture or world authority. It is community-centered. Corbett, B., 1988. Introduction to Voodoo in Haiti. [Online] Available at: http://www2.webster.edu/~corbetre/haiti/voodoo/overview.htmIn some voodoo communities, voodoo priests and priestesses play a special role as intermediaries who summon spirits and perform acts of sorcery.

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About 17% of the population of Benin, some 1.6 million people, follow Vodun. (This does not count other traditional religions in Benin.) In addition, many of the 41.5% of the population that refer to themselves as "Christian" practice a syncretized religion, not dissimilar from Haitian Vodou or Brazilian Candomblé; indeed, many of them are descended from freed Brazilian slaves who settled on the coast near Ouidah.[10] The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.Private rituals, however, do not include such elaborate actions or preparations. Priests and priestesses might do a reading or divination to tell someone's future to solve a problem. The most common private ritual is a ceremonial bath to cleanse a person of evil energy or heal a sickness. Other rituals include Gads, which are protection spells; Mariaj Lwa, in which someone marries a spirit to gain its power or protection; and Anvwa Mo, where spirits are sent to attack an enemy. “Voudon teaches belief in a supreme being called Bondye, an unknowable and uninvolved creator god,” reports Live Science . “Voudon believers worship many spirits (called loa or Iwa), each one of whom is responsible for a specific domain or part of life. So, for example, if you are a farmer you might give praise and offerings to the spirit of agriculture; if you are suffering from unrequited love, you would praise or leave offerings for Erzulie Freda, the spirit of love, and so on. In addition to helping (or impeding) human affairs, loa can also manifest themselves by possessing the bodies of their worshipers. Followers of voudon also believe in a universal energy and a soul that can leave the body during dreams and spirit possession.”

Haitian Vodou - Wikipedi

Louisiana voodoo has been heavily influenced by French, Spanish, and Creole populations that lived in Louisiana; it has also been influenced by Christianity, especially Roman CatholicismRedford, B., 2013. Voodoo: Facts About Misunderstood Religion. [Online] Available at: http://www.livescience.com/40803-voodoo-facts.htmlIt is distinct from the various traditional African religions in the interiors of these countries and is the main source of religions with similar names found among the African diaspora in the Americas, such as Haitian Vodou; Dominican Vudú; Cuban Vodú; Brazilian Vodum (candomblé jeje and tambor de mina); Puerto Rican Vudú (Sanse); and Louisiana Voodoo. 23 September, 2017 - 22:59 ML Childs Annie Palmer, the White Witch of Rose Hall One time I was down to Jamaica to a place called Rose Hall Plantation …A lady named Annie Palmer who lived in that great house there …Well they tell a lot of tales about Annie They say she had three... Read Later  Read more about Annie Palmer, the White Witch of Rose Hall Add new comment 25 October, 2014 - 22:56 lizleafloor The Ancient Art of Magic, Curses and Supernatural Spells As long as humanity has had beliefs in deities, the supernatural, and the power of magic, the use of magic, spells, and curses have featured widely across cultures. Very much entwined with human... Read Later  Read more about The Ancient Art of Magic, Curses and Supernatural Spells 26 comments Add new comment At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

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What is Voodoo? Understanding a Misunderstood Religion

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By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. Voodoo dolls can be made from corn shafts, potatoes, clay, branches and roots or clothes stuffed with plant life. Although the dolls are called "voodoo" dolls, not all practitioners of the major schools of voodoo use them. Fictional movies and books often mischaracterize their use.ReligionFacts provides free, objective information on religion, world religions, comparative religion and religious topics. We are not associated with any religion or organization.

Voodoo Religion - The Occul

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Haas, S. A., 2011. What is Voodoo? Understanding a Misunderstood Religion. [Online] Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/saumya-arya-haas/what-is-Voodoo_b_827947.htmlA very special ceremony which involves a Fete for the Lwa is the Manje Yanm, which is an event to celebrate the yam harvest. For this event, the best yams are collected from the harvest, but no one may eat any of the harvested yams until the end of the two-day ceremony. The first night, the yams are put to bed (or kouched) in a way that allows them to absorb the spiritual energy from the Lwa. The next morning, the yams are ceremonially awakened. Throughout the day, the yams are cooked along with other foods as a feast for the spirits. Major schools: West African Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo (also known as New Orleans Voodoo), Haitian Voodoo Just about everyone has heard of Voodoo, whether from the many horror films of the 20th and 21st centuries or from visiting tourist attractions in New Orleans. How much do people really know about this religion though? What are the facts among all the folklore and sensational fiction? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the actual beliefs and some of the rituals to help dispel the myths and better understand this religion.

Voodoo Religions: Beliefs & Rituals - Video & Lesson

I am a university student doing a BA degree in Archaeology. My interests range from ‘conventional’ to ‘radical’ interpretations of the archaeological/textual/pictorial data set. I believe that intellectual engagement by advocates from both ends of the spectrum would serve to... Read MoreMost people associate Voodoo with pin-filled dolls, designed to inflict pain on a cursed individual. ( Public domain )

Voodoo beliefs can vary depending on the school and location. Many practitioners of voodoo in West Africa believe in a supreme being, although among many followers the belief has been syncretized with Roman Catholicism so that their chief god is associated with the God of the Bible. Other schools of voodoo may not recognize a supreme being or associate the being with the Christian God.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Voodoo Today. The voodoo religion today is influenced by its cultural context and influences its cultural context. As stated above, in West Africa practitioners of voodoo experience a heavily syncretized version of the religion with Christianity

When the Haitian slaves fought back against their captors in 1791, a revolt lead by Voodoo priests called hougans and Voodoo priestesses called manbos drove the French out of Haiti during the course of 5 years. Some of the French fled to New Orleans and brought some of their slaves with them. These slaves brought Haitian Voodoo. While many slaves in New Orleans practiced their own variation of Voodoo, it was not as influential as the quickly spreading Haitian Voodoo. The different schools of voodoo have similarities and differences. For example, some practitioners of voodoo use “Gris-gris,” which are religious amulets believed to ward off evil spirits. Other schools of voodoo have "voodoo queens," which are female leaders that oversee various religious activities in their community. Also, some schools emphasize objects such as voodoo dolls (see more below). Furthermore, the belief, and interaction with, particular deities as well as particular lesser spirits, is often determined by voodoo school and location. ### Voodoo BeliefsWest African voodoo has been less influenced than other forms of voodoo because it is practiced in the place of its origination, yet Christianity's influence, particularly Roman Catholicism, is significant

In relation to Haitian voodoo, it too influences its surroundings, whether it be in Haiti or surrounding nations, including America, and is influenced by its surroundings as it experiences various forms of syncretism.The Creator embodies a dual cosmogonic principle of which Mawu the moon and Lisa the sun are respectively the female and male aspects, often portrayed as the twin children of the Creator.[3] Lisa is the sun god who brings the day and the heat, and also strength and energy. Mawu, the moon goddess, provides the cool of the night, peace, fertility, and rain. To give this in a summed aspect, a proverb says ‘When Lisa punishes Mawu forgives.[4] Tacitus, The Annals [Online] [Church, A. J. and Brodribb W. J. (trans.), 1888. Tacitus’ The Annals.] Available at: http://classics.mit.edu/Tacitus/annals.html- Moonsong -------------------------------------------- A dreamer is one who can only find his way by moonlight, and his punishment is that he sees the dawn before the rest of the world ~ Oscar Wilde

The Origins of Voodoo, the Misunderstood Religion

Voodoo market of Benin - Unusual Traveler

West African Vodun - Wikipedi

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Characteristics: This spiritual expression is a blend of African animism, spiritism, and indigenous religion, and in some circumstances contains elements of shamanism, black magic, and witchcraft The high priestess is the woman chosen by the oracle to care for the convent. Priestesses, like priests, receive a calling from an oracle, which may come at any moment during their lives. They will then join their clan's convent to pursue spiritual instruction. It is also an oracle that will designate the future high priest and high priestess among the new recruits, establishing an order of succession within the convent. Only blood relatives were allowed in the family convent; strangers are forbidden. In modern days, however, some family members to enter what is described as the first circle of worship. Strangers are allowed to worship only the spirits of the standard pantheon. Hoodoo is not an "offshoot" of Voodoo/Vodou. Hoodoo, or conjure, is a southern American (namely African-American) Protestant folk magic.Very good article. Would have been appropriate also to mention Hoodoo, which is an offshoot of Voodoo with a greater emphasis on rituals and spells.

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Although African slaves were brought to Haiti and New Orleans about the same time, i.e. the 1720s, the development of Voodoo practice in each area is quite different. In Haiti, Voodoo became a force that gave strength to and sustained the slaves through their hardships and suffering. Between 1791 and 1804, a series of slave revolts inspired by Voodoo practice culminated in the expelling of the French from Haiti. The colonists who survived fled to New Orleans, some accompanied by their French-speaking slaves who were Voodoo practitioners. It is from these new arrivals that Voodoo began to grow in New Orleans. Although Voodoo was practiced in that part of the United States prior to 1791, it was not as strong a force as in Haiti, and was brutally suppressed each time it emerged. It was only in the 19 th century that Voodoo practices in New Orleans were codified by the enigmatic Marie Laveau. Voodoo Religion. Voodoo Religion - The History Voodoo is a religion that was brought to the Western coasts by slaves from Africa. It is believed to have started in Haiti in 1724 as a snake cult that worshipped many spirits pertaining to daily life experiences. The practices were intermingled with many Catholic rituals and saints When African slaves were brought to the Americas to work on plantations, they brought Voodoo with them. Their white masters, however, had other plans regarding the religious practice of their slaves. A 1685 law, for instance, prohibited the practice of African religions, and required all masters to Christianize their slaves within eight days of their arrival in Haiti. Although the slaves accepted Roman Catholicism, they did not give up their traditional beliefs either. Instead, the old and the new were syncretised, producing some unique results. Many of the Catholic saints were identified with traditional Voodoo lwas (spirits) or held a double meaning for the practitioners of Voodoo. For instance, in Haitian Voodoo, St. Peter is recognised as Papa Legba, the gatekeeper of the spirit world, whilst St. Patrick is associated with Dumballah, the snake lwa. Patterns of worship follow various dialects, spirits, practices, songs, and rituals. The divine Creator, called variously Mawu or Mahu, is a female being. She is an elder woman, and usually a mother who is gentle and forgiving. She is also seen as the god who owns all other gods and even if there is no temple made in her name, the people continue to pray to her, especially in times of distress. In one tradition, she bore seven children. Sakpata: Vodun of the Earth, Xêvioso (or Xêbioso): Vodun of Thunder, also associated with Divine Justice[1], Agbe: Vodun of the Sea, Gû: Vodun of Iron and War, Agê: Vodun of Agriculture and Forests, Jo: Vodun of Air, and Lêgba: Vodun of the Unpredictable.[2] Voodoo paraphernalia. ( Public domain ) Although the exact origins of Voodoo are unknown, it is generally agreed that this religion has its roots in West Africa. Modern day Benin is regarded as the birth place of this religion, and the name 'Voodoo' itself means 'spirit' in the local Fon language

All schools of voodoo believe in, and interact with, lesser spirits, as a key practice of their religion. These spirits are often called “loa” or “miste.” There are numerous “families” of spirits and named individual spirits, which practitioners interact with, which vary depending on school and location. Where voodoo has been heavily syncretized with Christianity the “loa” may be known by the names of Catholic saints.Brandstötter, B.-S., 2015. Voodoo in New Orleans. [Online] Available at: http://www.univie.ac.at/Anglistik/webprojects/LiveMiss/Voodoo/index.htmPrimary locations where it is practiced: West Africa, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and America, especially in LouisianaAncient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact usVoudon refers to "a whole assortment of cultural elements: personal creeds and practices, including an elaborate system of folk medical practices; a system of ethics transmitted across generations [including] proverbs, stories, songs, and folklore... voudon is more than belief; it is a way of life," wrote Leslie Desmangles, a Haitian professor at Hartford's Trinity College in "The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal" (Prometheus Books, 1996).

Benin, west Africa, celebrates voodoo festival on January

Theology and practice[edit]

  1. Voodoo comes from a combination of traditional West African practices of ancestor worship and animism, which is the belief that spirits inhabit all things, including animals and plants, combined with other African beliefs that likely originated from the area known today as Benin.
  2. European colonialism, followed by some of the totalitarian regimes in West Africa, have tried to suppress Vodun as well as other traditional religions.[11] However, because the vodun deities are born to each clan, tribe, and nation, and their clergy are central to maintaining the moral, social and political order and ancestral foundation of its village, these efforts have not been successful. Recently there have been moves to restore the place of Vodun in national society, such as an annual International Vodun Conference held in the city of Ouidah in Benin that has been held since 1991.[12]
  3. The Queen Mother is the first daughter of a matriarchal lineage of a family collective. She holds the right to lead the ceremonies incumbent to the clan: marriages, baptisms and funerals. She is one of the most important members of community. She will lead the women of a village when her family collective is the ruling one. They take part in the organisation and the running of markets and are also responsible for their upkeep is vitally important because marketplaces are the focal points for gatherings and social centres in their communities. In the past when the men of the villages would go to war, the Queen Mothers would lead prayer ceremonies in which all the women attended every morning to ensure the safe return of their menfolk.
  4. TheLwa, pronounced as Loh-ah, are spirits more powerful than a person's deceased relatives. These spirits are not single entities but groups or categories of spirit types, such as the warrior, the mother, the sorcerer, and so on. Thus, praying to the Lwa Ogun might call any number of Lwa warrior spirits.
Vodun art - Wikipedia

Further reading[edit]

Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, pronounced [vodṹ] with a nasal high-tone u; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. Legba is often represented as a phallus or as a man with a prominent phallus. Known as the youngest son of Mawu, he is the chief of all Vodun divinities[5]; in his Diasporic portrayal, Legba is believed to be a very old man who walks on crutches.[6] Being old he is seen as wise, but when seen as a child he is one who is rebellious. It is only through contact with Legba that it becomes possible to contact the other gods, for he is the guardian at the door of the spirits.[7] Dan, who is Mawu's androgynous son, is represented as a rainbow serpent, and was to remain with her and act as a go-between with her other creations. As the mediator between the spirits and the living, Dan maintains balance, order, peace and communication.

What is Vodou?

  1. What is VOODOO? (West African Religion)
  2. Voodoo (full documentary)
  3. Birth of Voodoo | National Geographic
  4. What is the Voodoo Religion?
  5. Haitian Voodoo | National Geographic
  6. Voodoo: The Source of all Religions.

A History of Voodoo (Documentary)

  1. Voodoo Mysteries | Full Documentary - Planet Doc Full Documentaries
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